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Everything you need to know about LASIK eye surgery

If you’re considering LASIK (Laser-Assisted in situ Keratomileusis) eye surgery then you are probably researching everything you can about the procedure. This guide talks you through the basics of LASIK eye surgery, what the procedure involves and what the risks are.

What is LASIK?

LASIK involves surgery on the cornea (the part of the eye that is used when focusing and reflecting light into the eye). When a person has a defective cornea, it results in various visual problems. LASIK surgery is a procedure that involves a laser to correct whatever vision problem a person suffers from. By removing corneal tissue, a person’s sight can be improved to near perfect vision.

What is involved in the procedure?

Prior to your procedure your surgeon will perform a thorough eye examination. This will ensure that you are a suitable candidate for the procedure. They will additionally check how moist your eyes are, as this can affect healing times.

At the beginning of the procedure, your surgeon will use a laser to make a tiny cut in the cornea’s layer. This will allow the surgeon to access the tissue underneath. Once the layer has been moved away from the area that is to be operated on, the surgeon will use the laser to remove the problematic tissue. Once this has been completed, the layer that had been moved away is placed back into position.

Following surgery you may need to have a check up with your surgeon, this is merely to check on the progress of your healing.

You may have some fear of being awake during the procedure; however this shouldn’t be a concern. The eye drops used ensure that your eyes are numbed, and the surgeon may provide you with a sedative if you are extremely nervous.

The risks

LASIK eye surgery, like any procedure, does have its associated risks. However these are minimal. Companies that offer LASIK will differ in terms of the surgeon’s experience and how advanced the laser technology is, by undertaking research on the companies out there you can reduce the risk of complications.

The risks with the surgery will differ from person to person, as their unique conditions will, to some extent, dictate. Because of the unique nature of complications, it is impossible to define what the common risks are. However, your consultant will be able to discuss these with you during an initial consultation.

LASIK is certainly beneficial to people with a variety of conditions, the impact on someone’s life and their day to day living cannot be underestimated. Whilst there are minimal risks involved, complications can arise, however by discussing these with a professional consultant, you may find that your specific condition is not particularly prone to complications.

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